capillary gel electrophoresis

The main separation mechanism in CGE is based on differences in solute size as analytes migrate through the pores of the gel-filled column. Gels are potentially useful for electrophoretic separations mainly because they permit separation based on 'molecular sieving'. They serve as anti-convective media, minimize solute diffusion, which contributes to zone broadening, prevent solute adsorption to the capillary walls and they help to eliminate electroosmosis.