American Elements is a manufacturer and supplier specializing in the Stable (non-radioactive) Isoptopes of numerous elements and their oxide and fluoride compounds, including Oxygen (Oxygen 18), Calcium (Calcium-42 and Calcium-44), Zinc, Rubidium, Carbon and many others described below.
Most metals naturally occur with at least a portion of at least one of the element’s isotopes contained in the natural state. Natural Iron is almost entirely composed of its Iron-56. Silver is approximately ½ Silver-107 and ½ Silver-109.
Isotopes from American Elements are non-radioactive materials with numerous applications and properties.Oxygen-18 has been used extensively to study human metabolism by measuring metabolic energy output in research involving obesity, heart disease, osteoporosis and diabetes. Oxygen-18 can be traced through the body using mass spectrometry. Carbon-13 has also been used for this application, as well as, for basic organic chemistry and molecular structure research.
Other human metabolism studies to determine the absorption patterns of nutrients have involved tracing a stable isotope of that mineral or element though the body. Iron (Using Iron-54, Iron-57 and Iron-58), Copper (Using Copper-63 and Copper-65), Zinc (Using Zinc-64, Zinc-67, Zinc-68 and Zinc-70), Magnesium (Using Magnesium-25 and Magnesium-26) and many others are used for this application. Other biomedical applications for American Elements’ stable isotopes, include using Nickel-58, Nickel-60, Nickel-61 and Nickel-64 to study nitrogen absorption in the blood, Copper-63 and Copper-65 to study gastro-intestinal disorders, Molybdenum-94, Molybdenum-96 and Molybdenum-97 as a label on nutrients to trace metabolism of the labeled nutrient, Lithium-6 for research in kidney function, Vanadium-51 to study brain metabolism and Rubidium-85 and Rubidium-87 to study potassium absorption in the blood.
Isotopes are valuable in environmental and human exposure research. Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37 are used to study environmental pollutants. Carbon-13 has application in the study of global warming and air pollution control. Lead-204, Lead-206 and Lead-207 can be used to measure human lead poisoning. Similarly, Chromium-53 and Chromium-54 can be used to study these effects with respect to Chromium.